The VivaVine . September/October 2000

The VivaVine is a publication of the VivaVegie Society, New York City's premier vegetarian-outreach organization.

veal calf pilloried

Watch for a story on veal in the next issue!!!

Table of Contents

COMMENTARY: Vegan & Overweight : Hey, this isn't supposed to happen to me! by Pamela Rice

EVENTS AT THE VEGETARIAN CENTER: Sunday soirees and other programs at the veggie center

CALENDAR: Dances, outings, dinners, and more fun stuff!

NYC-AREA RESOURCES: A. Social events and lectures, B. Food preparation classes

SEA RAGE: Illegal fishing: Hunters who become the hunted on the high seas

GRAPEVINE: Letters from readers

VIEWPOINT: A report from AR 2000

VEGETARIAN NEWS: Antibiotics abuse, Chinese foie gras, and other stories

CHICKEN CATCHERS PITCHED: Labor victory may be short-lived

VEGGIE NUGGETS Tyson "fowls up" its fishing operations, and other stories

ECO-VEG The smelly truth about animal agriculture

FOR THE HEALTH OF IT Return of the vegi: Docs Barnard, Fuhrman debunk fiber study

BEYOND THE BARBS Inspectors vs. the inspected

OOPS Meat handling in typical kitchen leaves much to be desired

INDEX:List of all back issues of The VivaVine!

ARCHIVES:File-folder subjects housed at the Veggie Center

VVS NEWS: Tax-deductible donations to be tripled by matching fund

MASTHEAD: The folks who make it all happen


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


Vegan & Fat : It's Not Supposed to Be

Pamela Rice

By Pamela Rice

Here's a touchy subject: veganism and fatness. They're not supposed to go together.

When you become a vegan, slimness is your destiny, automatically, right? It worked that way for vegan doctor Michael Klaper, who tells of a spare tire he couldn't get rid of to save his life--even with a daily jogging routine--until he became a vegan.

And then there's resident Viva-Vegie volunteer Tom Thompson, who tells us that when he went from the standard American meat-centered diet to veganism--a transition he made virtually overnight--he lost 35 pounds in a month!

Going meatless didn't work like that for me, and from the looks of things it hasn't worked that way for a lot of other vegans out there either. When I became a vegan, I actually gained weight! And the weight stayed on for a good seven or eight years.

Vegan and still fat? Here are six rules to live by.

Now I have a few rules I live by and they helped me reduce by 15 to 20 pounds, and the weight has been off for well over a year at this point. I must be doing something a lot more right. Here are my rules:

1. I eat foods that satisfy, not the ones I crave. If I can't see the outline of the original plant that the food came from, I usually don't eat it. This forces me to eat whole foods, and mostly raw ones at that. Going whole and mostly raw is my most important rule, and it comes with a wonderful payoff: cravings subside.

As I began to eat whole foods more religiously I found that I was eating less but being satisfied more. Dr. Joel Fuhrman, who helps people lose weight with the most logical system I've heard yet, hits at the crux of why we have a nation of obese people: people are addicted to simple sugars (including bagels and pasta), junk foods that are loaded with artery-clogging hydrogenated oils, and saturated fats (from meat). Notice that simple-sugar foods and hydrogenated-oil foods can frequently be considered vegan. For instance, a food like Robert's American Gourmet Veggie Booty can get the best of us into trouble. You can still call yourself a vegan if you eat it; in fact, it's even marketed as a health food, but when you read the package you find that these puffed-up morsels contain a huge number of calories. And they're processed, a total no-no.

2. Don't look on someone else's plate to tell you how you should eat. I have a vegan friend, slim as can be, who lives for junk: huge portions of fake-meat dishes, slathered with oil. She never turns down a dessert, and she eats three hearty meals a day. I could say to myself, "Why don't I eat like So-and-So? It doesn't seem to affect her"--but I don't. I have now crawled out of that pit of denial and accepted the fact that, yes, she can eat like that and not gain a pound, but moi? Can't get away with it.

3. Exercise. I force myself to go to a health club, but I also make exercise part of my day. I bike to work.

4. I took the refrigerator out of my office. Now, it's just that much harder for me to eat when I'm bored. When I was fat, my stomach was stretched out of proportion. My stomach has since shrunk. Result: weight loss.

5. Drink freshly extracted green juice. People like raw-food evangelist David Wolfe will tell you why juice is such a powerful elixir of health. I'll just say that it's great after a workout, because the body is obviously getting what it needs.

6. Don't eat just because everyone else is eating. Let's say you've been called on short notice to join some friends for dinner, but you've already eaten. Your friends don't care if you only order tea. They really don't.

Penelo Pea Pod (Bobbie Flowers) & Judea Johnson, Nathan's    

Penelo Pea pod (Bobbie Flowers) and VivaVegie outreach activist Judea Johnson at the Nathan's hot-dog-eating contest on July 4th


Vegetarian Center Programs

All events are at [click here for new address and contact information as of 12/28/00].
By appointment: Getting Started With Your Veggie Diet
What do you eat, and how to you cope, now that you've decided to go vegetarian? Information: [click here for new address and contact information as of 12/28/00]. Free.
Sept. 21 & Oct. 26: Government giveaways to the meat industry: A primer (Pamela Rice)
An introduction to the dozens of tax breaks and subsidies the government hands over to the meat industry. Suggested donation: $3.
Oct. 10: Workshop for wanna-be vegetarian-issue journalists
Learn about the inverted pyramid, copy style, the importance of proper grammar, and the who, what, where, and why of covering our issues. Information: [click here for new address and contact information as of 12/28/00]. Suggested donation: $3.

Oct. 17: A time for vegetarians to shoot the breeze and sort things out from our own perspective
Why should lobstermen get subsidies? How can they say that dietary fiber has no impact on colon cancer? Is it really that easy to get a vegan meal in Timbuktu? If you have an opinion about it, we'll discuss it, and we'll order burritos. Information: [click here for new address and contact information as of 12/28/00]. Suggested donation: $3.

Sunday soirees at VivaVegie's Veggie Center
Light snacks * BYO beverage

Admission fee: one newspaper/magazine article on a vegetarian issue.
Recommended, but optional: bring your favorite music CDs and potluck dish.
Sept. 24 and Oct. 29 * 6:30 p.m.


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


See page 2 for program listings of events that take place at the veggie center, including seminars, workshops, rap sessions, and soirees.

Always call to confirm details. Unless otherwise indicated, all events are in Manhattan.

Sun, Sept 3 Mon, Sept 4 Fri-Sun, Sept 8-10 Sun, Sept 24, & Sun, Oct 29 Fri, Sept 29, & Fri Oct 27 Sat, Sept 30 Mon, Oct 2 Fri-Sun, Oct 6-8 Sat, Oct 7, & Sat, Nov 4 Mon-Mon, Nov 20-Dec 4

NYC-area resources

Social events and lectures

Food-preparation classes

Video Screenings

Call [click here for new address and contact information as of 12/28/00] to schedule your group, or just yourself, to watch videos at the veggie center. Following is a selection of titles.

  • The Witness (award-winning plea for animal rights; features NYC's Eddie Lama)
  • A Cow at My Table (stylistically inventive and poignant documentary)
  • Foods for Cancer Prevention and Survival (Dr. Neal Barnard's compendium of facts from the latest studies)
  • Diet for a New America (John Robbins's powerful synopsis of his book)
  • Truth or Dairy (a star-studded exposé)
  • A Diet for All Reasons (Dr. Michael Klaper's superb case for vegetarianism)

(Other titles also available.)


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


Int'l Fish Wars: Blockades, arrests, and weapons

Illegal fishing is estimated to total between 30 and 50 percent in excess of legal catches. And that which is considered legal is already causing irreversible ecological damage.

By Mia MacDonald

On a spring day in April 1999, the Bloomberg news service reported that a British warship left port for the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic, the first time a British combat vessel had headed that way since the end of the 1982 Falklands War. It wasn't another Argentine incursion that prompted this ship's dispatch. Instead, the boat was sent to fight an increasingly nasty global war. The adversary this time? Illegal fishing--estimated to total 30 to 50 percent in excess of legal catches worldwide, according to a story in the March 1994 issue of The Economist. And its toll? Strip-mined seas, fish populations even closer to extinction than legal fishing has pushed them, and once-lucrative fishing grounds now adding little to government treasuries. So the world's fisheries are under the gun, literally.

As bloated fishing fleets continue to pursue ever-dwindling numbers of fish, pressures for viable catches are getting more intense. The result is numerous cases of ever-harsher responses to illegal fishing: armed naval patrols, ship and crew detentions and arrests, blockades, sabotage of fishing gear, and the threat of actual weapons fire. The latest batch of "fish wars" suggests that human casualties will soon join the billions of fish and crustacean victims of illegal (not to mention legal) fishing. Here are just a few of the incidents of "fish rage" documented in recent years:

Along with these incidents, new fronts are breaking out all the time. The Japanese whaling fleet, for example, is, as of this writing, in the North Pacific hunting sperm, Byrd's, and minke whales--supposedly for "research purposes," but illegal under International Whaling Commission conventions. Another rationale: the need to fight a dangerous case of "illegal" fishing--that is, by the whales! Japanese scientists suggest (apparently with straight faces) that endangered sperm and Byrd's whales are "diminishing Japan's seafood supply." Their sentence? Death. (The New York Times, 8/10/00.)

If ever there was a time for vegetarians to unite in support of the world's imperiled fish, it is now, especially when one considers that at least a third of the global fish catch is fed to livestock, according to an article by Carl Safina in a special fall 1998 Scientific American issue on the oceans. One shudders to think of the fish wars that will erupt this century--as the human population inexorably grows and consumption of fish and meat goes fully global. We ain't seen nothing yet--and neither, tragically, have the oceans.

Jean Thaler & Scott Lustig    

Jean Thaler and Scott Lustig, holding up copies of "101 Reasons," as they staff an outreach table at Grand Central Terminal for the Great American Meatout in March.


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


He sacrificed riches for a life rich with purpose

H. Jay Dinshah, 1933 - 2000

The vegan community has lost one of its most revered and colorful pioneers. On Thursday, June 8, 2000, H. Jay Dinshah passed away. Jay worked tirelessly and selflessly for over forty years steering the American Vegan Society, which he founded in 1960. He was the pillar of the vegan movement in the United States and is responsible for veganism's steady growth throughout North America.

Jay was an accomplished orator and a prolific writer who composed, edited, and published countless AVS publications and books, including his notable Out of the Jungle and the anthology Here's Harmlessness. Jay's incisive essays and articles always enlivened Ahimsa, the AVS magazine, and his penetrating commentaries were invariably ahead of his time. Jay was not one to mince words. He told it like it is, speaking from the heart, often on unpopular issues, with insights that bellowed honesty and precision.

Jay was a modest man whose accomplishments belied his unassuming presence. He courageously strove to bring awareness to a world desperately in need of truth, sacrificing riches for a life rich with purpose. Jay's keen wit, forthrightness, and intelligent turn of phrase will be sorely missed. His legacy is a solid and powerful vegan foundation upon which future generations can stand and learn. His contributions to peace and compassion are immeasurable.

Jay is survived by his wife Freya, son Daniel, daughter Anne, sister Shireen, and brothers Cyrus, Roshan, Jal, Darius, Noshervan, and Sarosh.

Joanne Stepaniak
Written with love

Unhappy meals on the local horizon

I read in Crain's New York Business in February that McDonald's Corp. wants to add 150 restaurants in the New York City area, as well as 180 additional stores nationwide, by the end of this year. This is a mind-boggling expansion plan. I would hope that some of the animal welfare organizations out there will begin to realize the ramifications for animals represented in such developments.

Joan Zacharias
Chattham, New York

The "101" changed my life

I just wanted you to know that "101 Reason's Why I'm a Vegetarian" has changed my outlook on life and my eating habits, forever. I wasn't aware of the horrible cruelty that occurs in the factory farming system. I gave up meat the day I read the article a month ago and haven't looked back since. I had been thinking about becoming a vegetarian for a while, but this article really gave me the push that I needed. Thanks.

East Lansing, Michigan

The VivaVine welcomes your letters. See the contact information in the masthead.

Visions of Health: Gazing out from behind VivaVegie's exhibit table at the 34th World Vegetarian Congress in Toronto, Canada, first we have two septuagenarians (left-hand picture), who look more like people in their fifties. They are VivaVine editorial consultant and author of Judaism and Vegetarianism Dr. Richard Schwartz (left) and raw food enthusiast and avid VivaVegie member A.A. Zahoor. On the right are Irena Upenieks (left) and Joel S. Dahl, two Canadians, who happened upon our table at exactly the same time. Coincidentally these two had both become vegetarian in 1962.


The VivaVine
September / October 2000

VIEWPOINT: A report from AR 2000

By Mia MacDonald

AR 2000, the first national animal rights conference since 1997, attracted nearly 700 people to the Hilton in McLean, Virginia (just outside of Washington, DC, in one of the city's pedestrian-unfriendly suburbs) from June 30 to July 4.

The energy was good, the vegan products and AR literature plentiful, the hotel-prepared vegan food semibland but cheap, and nearly all the AR stars were in attendance (Stallwood, Lyman, Newkirk, Pacheco, Pacelle, and Hershaft, who, with FARM, organized the conference) along with a large number of young activists and film star/vegan Alicia Silverstone, who attended sessions and ate in the hotel restaurant. The conference itself was mostly plenary panels, with the notable exception of rap sessions by Sexual Politics of Meat author Carol J. Adams and New York City Animal Defense League activist Patrick Kwan; as such, it was a bit stodgy. Still, the conference's focus--on public education and legislative strategies, and the need for activists to marshal our numbers and voices to effect real change--made sense.

Essential esprit was provided by lively hallway conversations, which turned into a "parallel" conference with small group discussions in the hotel basement initiated by participants and the screening of an excellent video of New York's own Eddie Lama, chronicling his transformation from regular guy to extraordinary vegetarian and animal activist.

Discussions were soon under way about a conference for 2001. If that indeed comes to pass, this longtime activist hopes that the speakers will get off the dais, grassroots experiences will be more central, and the work and commitment of young activists will be acknowledged and learned from.

Mia MacDonald is VivaVegie's current secretary. She works as a U.S.-based consultant in international development issues in the areas of gender and international development policy, women's reproductive health and population, sustainable development, economic, social and political development, and U.S. foreign policy.


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


WHO warns of misuse of antibiotics on the farm

The World Health Organization rang alarm bells in mid June about the consequences of misusing antibiotics. Aside from warning about the dire effects of overprescription, which generally takes place in Western countries, and of the underutilization of these drugs in developing nations because they are not always available, it chastised animal agriculture for their use on the farm. Half the world's antibiotics are in fact used on farm animals, mostly to accelerate growth of livestock rather than to treat disease. Misuse of antibiotics allows bacteria, some of which have become drug-resistant, to proliferate. In the case of animals given antibiotics, there is the added danger of drug-resistant germs causing food poisoning, the WHO said, according to a June Associated Press story.

In the United States, the vast majority of antibiotics used on the farm are fed to chickens. For years, the industry has denied that antibiotic resistance has been the result, despite overwhelming scientific evidence to the contrary. The WHO pronouncement will make such denials that much harder to cling to.

High court to ranchers: Tough tumbleweeds

The National Cattlemen's Beef Association doesn't always get its way. And this time it's settled: We have a Supreme Court ruling. In a unanimous decision, the justices decreed in May that 170 million acres of federal rangeland permits don't necessarily have to be in the hands of people in the livestock business. In addition, the court upheld the "broad discretionary powers" of the secretary of the interior to set grazing rules. The NCBA, which sponsored the complaint that led to this ruling, is concerned about conservation organizations in the recent past acquiring permits for grazing on public lands in order to convert them into wildlife refuges. The cattlemen see the trend as a scheme to end livestock grazing altogether. As of now, the court figures that that's just too bad.

Labels to startle meat buyers

The Clinton administration is proposing that packages of meat and poultry products display nutrition labels that are similar to those that are mandatory on processed foods. If the proposal gets past the idea stage, every time a meat eater dips into the display case at the local grocery store, he or she can be assured of a reminder about the high-cholesterol, high-calorie, and high-fat content of meat. Time to head for the tofu counter!

Mao is rolling in his grave

A country that little more than a decade ago might have considered luxury items a sign of capitalistic greed now is on the verge of allowing at least one Western symbol of decadence into its marketplace. Unfortunately, this item bears the tainted badge of animal cruelty.

The place is China; the product is foie gras. And certain entrepreneurial sectors inside the country have serious plans for bringing the diseased livers, which some consider to be a delicacy, to the masses. Optimistic forecasts predict that the foie gras produced in China will in time boost the world's output by a full third, according to an early August story in The Washington Post.

To produce foie gras, farmers must force-feed geese or ducks huge amounts of grain to cause their livers to swell to up to three times their normal size. A certain percentage of the animals' livers will explode from the stress.

Animals dismembered alive, videotapes reveal

An employee of an IBP slaughterhouse in Wallula, Washington, stated in an affidavit that 10 to 30 percent of the animals at the plant are skinned and dismembered while still fully sentient, although Washington law dictates that the animals should be knocked unconscious prior to slaughter. Damage control out of IBP was fierce, but in the end the meat giant had little to back up its statements, thanks to clandestine videotapes of the kill floor. Employees say that they are not able to slaughter animals more humanely because of ridiculously fast line speeds. The Humane Farming Association, which has investigated line speeds in meat plants around the country, contends that the IBP situation is not unique.

Int'l charity plan will benefit meat companies

The U.S. government has just discovered the world's poor. Never mind that the realization coincides with low commodity prices, thanks to an agricultural glut. The same thing happened a bit over 50 years ago when the school lunch program was instituted in the United States. Now, on the recommendation of George McGovern, the Food and Agriculture Organization ambassador to the U.N., the Clinton administration wants to take the school-lunch concept beyond American borders. An international distribution plan, announced in July, promises to be a boon not only to American companies that produce grain but to those that produce milk and meat. The goal will ultimately be to feed 300 million hungry and malnourished kids every day, according to July stories posted to the CNN Web site. Other Group of Eight countries have indicated their interest in participating. The overall cost for the project is expected to be $3 billion per year, with the United States contributing one-quarter of that amount.

They came to bury carcasses, not to render them

Water tainted with E. coli O157:H7 killed at least 7 people and sickened as many as 2,000 in a town outside of Toronto, Canada, in June. Some time later the possible underlying cause was revealed: improperly buried "mortalities" from nearby farms. At one time, Canadian farmers were able to have carcasses picked up by renderers for free. When the market for leather dried up, thanks in large part to the Asian economic crisis, farmers were asked to pay $50 per carcass for removal, according to a June 16 article posted to the Meating Place Web site. It became cheaper to bury the dead. Some are suggesting that farmers be subsidized.

Vegetarian News is compiled by the VivaVegie staff.

Yorav       Here is Yorav Montel, of Qiriat Bialik, Israel, at VivaVegie's vegetarian center, making a point about the cruelty of foie gras. He has seen foie gras operations up close and testifies that producers where he worked had a contest with their employees: Who can feed the ducks the most but still not make their livers burst? Yorav is one of quite a number of foreign visitors to the center.


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


Labor victory may be short-lived

One of the more onerous dirty-boot jobs in animal agriculture is that of the chicken catcher. Laborers in this line of work grab cumbersome handfuls of terrified chickens by their feet all day (more probably, all night) to be hauled off to slaughter. The job is exhausting, full of hazards, and demoralizing. It is typically done by those in the lowest socioeconomic sectors of society.

At one time, catchers were hired as employees of the big processing plants, enjoying job security, overtime pay, and other benefits. Suddenly, in 1991, the industry sneaked in a rotten deal for them, transforming the catchers into employees of independent contractors. Their pay stayed much the same, but their benefits and overtime pay evaporated with the chicken urine on their boots. Overnight the catchers were compensated a whole lot less, while their miserable job remained identical to what it had been. And curiously, they worked, as before, on the prior company's chickens, they hauled the chickens in trucks marked with the prior company's name, and they caught chickens to the prior company's specifications. After a few years of this, the catchers and their lawyers felt they had a winnable case against the processors. And sure enough, they just got their first victory. A court case, settled in February, will force Perdue Farms to pay $1 million in back overtime wages. Tyson, Case Farms, and Sanderson Farms each have similar cases pending against them.

Catchers feeling their oats. With legal victories fresh in their minds, chicken catchers for two out of three Perdue processing plants on the Delmarva Peninsula voted in July to form unions. The United Food and Commercial Workers Union believes that the formation of unions is necessary to solidify recent labor victories. In addition, the UFCWU is probing questionable circumstances surrounding the one plant that voted down the union.

Processor to automate chicken catching. Perhaps Perdue Farms has had enough of these human chicken catchers, or maybe it was something that was to be no matter what. The company announced in early June that it has decided to let foot-long rubber fingers of 5 chicken-catching machines replace the hands of 150 men, according to a Bloomberg wire story citing the Associated Press as its source. In a press release issued by Perdue, the company said that the machines will reduce the number of personnel but not eliminate the need for manpower. "Individuals currently performing this task under contract will be offered the opportunity to join the company as Perdue Farms associates."


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


Almost like people

By Pamela Rice

Cockroaches, slugs, and snails feel pain. Insects do also. Cows have emotions, and sheep can distinguish one person from another. Studies that uncover these kinds of revelations were the subject of a May 2000 meeting in London, organized by the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, a British charity, according to a story posted to the CNN Web site at the time. In the case of insects, one participant at the meeting, who was quoted in the CNN story, noted that insects avoid electric shocks much as cats and dogs do.

Mad cows bring good things to light

Dried meat and bone meal from the remains of beef cattle exterminated during the mad-cow scare are providing electric current to homes in central England, according to a June Associated Press story. In May, a power station there was given a 3-year contract to incinerate into electricity some of the nearly half a million tons of remains still hanging around. The infectious agent of mad cow disease is known to be highly contagious and nearly indestructible. It is widely believed to be what caused 75 people to contract a new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease--a fatal, brain-wasting illness--after they had eaten meat from cows who were infected. Sixty-nine of the victims have since died.

According to mad-cow-disease expert Michael Greger, M.D., U.S. Public Health Service medical director Paul Brown has warned that the infectious agent could spew into the air in the form of ashes--potentially contaminating surface water, croplands, and grazing lands--since it has been shown to withstand incineration.

The managing director of the company enlisted to do the incineration told the Associated Press, "We are very confident the risk to the public is absolutely negligible."

Blessings in a can

The state of New Jersey recently enacted a law that provides protection for consumers of food prepared under Muslim dietary law. It is the first state to do so. The law is an answer to the growing incidence of fraud surrounding this increasingly profitable niche market. As large-scale producers from outside the Muslim community enter the field, consumers have less and less assurances that the laws of halal are being followed precisely to the letter. In a story in an early July issue of the Minneapolis Star Tribune, a spokesman for the Washington-based Council on American-Islamic Relations was quoted:

Maybe they won't have a Muslim doing the slaughtering, or maybe they're playing an audio-tape of the blessings as the chickens go down the chute.

Ding, dong, witch is dead

Tyson Foods has exited the Alaskan fish market, at last. It had longed to transform fishing up there into something resembling industrial mass-production, just as it had with chickens in Arkansas. But this wasn't meant to be. The company ended up failing miserably. A story in the Seattle Times called Tyson's Alaskan tenure a seven-year, multi-million-dollar bellyflop. On $7.4 billion in sales over the period, it made a paltry $25 million profit.

Safer salmonella

You've heard of "safer sex." The term serves as a reminder that if you're promiscuous, you can limit your risk but never fully eliminate it. In a Los Angeles Times story on a host of newfangled technical fixes designed to neutralize a deadly strain of salmonella, that since 1986 has made its home inside the yolks of unbroken eggs, you find a recipe for "safer mayonnaise." Egg eaters: It's time to act up!

Unfathomable figure

Americans consume 10 billion chickens every year. But what about the world? A San Francisco Chronicle story published in July tells us that the death toll comes to 38 billion, annually.


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


Egg factory has authorities by the gonads

By Pamela Rice

At first glance, it looks as though the gig is just about up for Buckeye Egg Farms, the Ohio mega-factory that houses 15 million hens. The state's environmental protection agency, the state's department of agriculture, the courts, neighbors downstream and downwind, and even the local farm lobby that has stood behind the company up until now have all turned against it. Still, despite such opposition, our bad-boy Buckeye could squirm away yet. In fact, the owner of this factory, who has flagrantly defied every environmental decree he has been confronted with, has in essence told his adversaries--if not straight out, through his actions--that if they don't let up, he's going to take his bat and ball and go home. Already he's begun to sell off assets. If the company continues to downsize, eventually there will be little left of it to face any punishment.

When you're as big as Buckeye, you hold the best hand in the game. You know that if you go down, so will the local economy that depends on you--and no one will let that happen! Similarly, when the state asked to seize control of the company's assets in July, a judge ruled that no matter how justified the punitive action was, the state could not afford to be saddled with the residual environmental cleanup costs, and besides, it wouldn't seem right for the state to intervene in a company's business dealings. (This is America, not some banana republic!)

Buckeye has been responsible for air pollution and manure spills--hundreds of them--as well as other nuisances besides the flies. And so the saga continues. The VivaVine will be watching as Buckeye faces a 27-count lawsuit and two sets of contempt-of-court charges still to come.

Coasts defiled by manure/ag pollutants

Forty-five percent of U.S. offshore waters have been rendered unsuitable for swimming or fishing by manure and agricultural runoff, according to a Bloomberg wire story citing information from a report issued by the Center for Marine Conservation in early July. In addition, the report warned that shrimp, red snapper, and orange roughy, as well as other species, were being overfished. The Environmental Protection Agency has been stymied by Congress and utility companies, however, because they believe that proposed cleanup plans would prohibitively be expensive, the story noted.

Premium Standard cited for stench

The first allegations of air pollution ever levied against a hog producer were brought in Missouri against Premium Standard Farms in late April, according to a Bloomberg wire story at the time. The story quoted Ken Midkiff of the Missouri chapter of the Sierra Club:

Neighbors and nearby residents have long complained of the overwhelming stench emanating from the facilities. This action by EPA acknowledges that not only do these corporate swine operations stink, but that they also violate our nation's air quality laws.


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


A high-fiber diet is still the way to go

Two rigorous studies examining the effects of a high-fiber diet on colon cancer had a lot of vegans initially scratching their heads in disbelief. We know that, to date, well over 4,500 studies have shown a link between diet and cancer. Those who eat an abundance of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and beans have the best protection against this deadly disease. Nonetheless, these two recent studies found no difference between fiber-eating groups and control groups in the number of reoccurring polyps (each subject had previously had at least one polyp). The VivaVine asked two leading vegan doctors to respond.

Next, let's study a whole-foods vegan diet

These studies were published in the April 20, 2000, New England Journal of Medicine. One examined the effect of a diet limiting fat to 20 percent of calories and increasing fiber to roughly 35 grams per day. The second did not change fat intake, but similarly increased fiber intake. Neither study showed any benefit from the intervention.

Probably the most significant issue is that neither study made any apparent attempt to eliminate meat from the diet. Many studies have suggested that "high-fiber" diets are beneficial, not only because of the "cleansing" effect of fiber but also because a high-fiber diet is typically quite rich in plant foods. A slight reduction in fat intake and/or the use of supplemental fiber does not capture the diet that is likely to prevent cancer recurrence. The study that would be worthwhile next is one using vegan and mainly unrefined foods.

Neal Barnard, M.D.
President, Physicians Committee
for Responsible Medicine

These studies are virtually worthless

The two studies you are referring to are examples that show how poor some studies are at proving anything. Remember, these two studies did not disprove that a diet high in fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, and raw nuts and seeds does protect against colon cancer. Hundreds of studies have demonstrated that.

All the subjects in the studies were eating an American-type diet with lots of animal products, processed foods, and refined oils. The so-called highest fiber intake in one of the studies was only 25 to 27 grams per day. In the other study, which used fiber supplements, the supplements only contained 14 grams of fiber. I recommend 50 to 100 grams of fiber a day from large volumes of vegetation. Incidentally, the high fiber intake is merely a marker for many other anticancer properties found in natural foods--in particular, phytochemicals.

The ingestion of fiber from supplements--not from natural foods--plus the variable and/or low level of fiber consumed, combined with the consumption of disease-causing foods, makes these studies almost worthless.

Joel Fuhrman, M.D.
Dr. Fuhrman is a practicing family physician specializing in nutritional medicine. Find more at www.drfuhrman.com.


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


Beyond the Barbs: Inspectors versus the inspected
by Pamela Rice

When sectors of our country's meat industrial complex are at each other's throats, perhaps the best thing for vegetarians to do is just to sit back and let them go at it.

Pathogens in the nation's meat supply, in particular, are becoming such an overwhelming problem that those who are on the supply side and those who regulate those suppliers can't seem to agree on anything. It's gone way beyond barbs at press conferences. And nothing typified the situation so graphically as when the owner of a sausage company near Oakland, California, lost it all in June and fatally shot three inspectors in a manic outburst of total frustration. He even chased after a fourth inspector for more than two blocks, firing unsuccessfully until he ran out of bullets. The perpetrator was fed up with inspection rules that threatened to shut down his business.

Serious rancor over inspection issues began building last December, when a federal judge prevented the U.S. Department of Agriculture from removing its inspectors from a Texas processing plant. At the time, the Supreme Beef plant of Dallas had failed its third test for the presence of salmonella. The USDA removes inspectors, in effect, to shut a plant down, since a plant cannot market meat that is not USDA-inspected. The agency does not have the authority to make a plant stop operating directly.

The government and Supreme Beef were at loggerheads about the validity of the salmonella test as a determinant of a plant's cleanliness. The USDA views salmonella as the best indicator of the presence of pathogens in general. Alone, the bug causes 2 million to 4 million illnesses and 500 U.S. deaths per year, according to a May 26 Washington Post story citing statistics out of the Centers for Disease Control.

Small tumors can be sliced off, posing no risk to consumers, said FSIS administrator Thomas J. Billy.

But the judge sided with Supreme Beef, saying that the salmonella tests were "arbitrary and capricious." Salmonella can be eliminated in the cooking process. And why, he agreed, should a processor like Supreme Beef have to suffer when salmonella is generated on the farm--and at the slaughterhouse where USDA inspectors put their stamp of approval on carcasses?

The Texas judge's ruling, which was confirmed in a court test in May, was an obvious setback to the USDA, which continually presses for Congress to give it final authority to close filthy meat plants. When its only way around this--removing inspectors--was denied, the USDA decided to lash back. First it cut off its contract with Supreme Beef as a supplier of meat for the federal school-lunch program, although it soon reinstated the contract when the beef processor appeared to be ready to comply with food-safety measures. Then, the USDA asked Supreme Beef to shut down its plant voluntarily when the beef processor flunked yet another salmonella test in June. When the company refused, the USDA quickly tightened its standards for ground beef supplied to the school-lunch program. The new standards require school-lunch-program meat to be at least up to the level required for the fast-food industry.

USDA authority was further eroded when a bill put forth in the U.S. Senate by Tom Harkin of Iowa was voted down in late July. The bill merely called for a clarification of the USDA's authority to set standards for pathogens in meat and poultry, and it would have officially allowed the agency to withdraw inspectors from a plant.

In the meantime, a recently instituted program of meat inspection, endorsed by the USDA, was attacked from several sectors, seemingly all at once. The program, Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points, or HACCP, is widely considered the modern answer to modern pathogens. Points along a meat-processing line are identified as "critical" or in need of special observation. Under the system, meat is checked for microbial contamination at these points, and records are kept for the incidence of bacteria.

Food-processing plants have been phasing in the system since 1996, to mixed reviews. The USDA regularly issues reports of studies claiming that the program has markedly reduced the incidence of pathogens. On the other hand, the USDA's own inspector general issued a report in June that roundly criticized the implementation of HACCP. The report told of lax enforcement, tampered records, and weak responses to repeat violators. In one case, meat inspectors simply permitted a plant to rinse meat that had been contaminated with fecal matter.

Just a week after this report was issued, a three-judge federal appeals court overturned a ruling that allowed the USDA to implement a pilot project of the HACCP system. The project was an experiment in the redeployment of government meat inspectors, away from carcass-by-carcass inspection in favor of overseeing plant employees who actually did the hands-on work.

The judges ruled that federal inspectors, not merely industry personnel, must be the people checking each and every carcass for infection; anything short of this is considered a violation of federal laws enacted in 1907. A Government Accountability Project later called the judges' ruling a victory for consumers. The inspectors in particular welcomed the ruling, as it ensured them with a good measure of job security.

In defense of the pure intentions of the pilot project, Food Safety and Inspection Service administrator Thomas J. Billy said that allegations of HACCP allowing animals with tumors, sores, and infections to be certified by the USDA were completely false, according to a July article posted to the Meating Place Web site. Small tumors can be sliced off, he said, posing no risk to consumers. Animals with large tumors would of course be destroyed, he maintained.

The players in this sad ongoing story keep blaming each other, but the problem lies not with them but with the fact that meat is just so darn difficult to keep sanitary and free from adulteration. Meat producers need to give up already and shift to producing veggie burgers and veggie dogs. The owner of that sausage company probably wishes he had.


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


The way you prepare your food, you'd best think about becoming a vegetarian.

How do people prepare their meat? Are they doing it safely and taking all the precautions?

Some researchers wanted to know. So they installed videocameras in the kitchens of 100 families in a Utah town to watch them prepare a meal. Each family was given $50 and free groceries. The families were told they were taking part in a market research study and nothing more. They had their choice of three entrees--designed to catch slipups--and a salad. According to the Associated Press story on the study, 30 percent did not wash the lettuce, and others placed salad ingredients on meat-contaminated counters. Thirty-five percent undercooked the meat loaf, 42 percent undercooked the chicken, and 17 percent undercooked the fish.

The meat, poultry, and fish industries often claim that they don't have to provide pathogen-free food to their customers because bacteria are killed by cooking. Perhaps this policy needs to be reconsidered, or consumers need to take animal foods out of their kitchen.

The judges ruled that federal inspectors, not merely industry personnel, must be the people checking each and every carcass for infection; anything short of this is considered a violation of federal laws enacted in 1907. A Government Accountability Project later called the judges' ruling a victory for consumers. The inspectors in particular welcomed the ruling, as it ensured them with a good measure of job security.

In defense of the pure intentions of the pilot project, Food Safety and Inspection Service administrator Thomas J. Billy said that allegations of HACCP allowing animals with tumors, sores, and infections to be certified by the USDA were completely false, according to a July article posted to the Meating Place Web site. Small tumors can be sliced off, he said, posing no risk to consumers. Animals with large tumors would of course be destroyed, he maintained.

The players in this sad ongoing story keep blaming each other, but the problem lies not with them but with the fact that meat is just so darn difficult to keep sanitary and free from adulteration. Meat producers need to give up already and shift to producing veggie burgers and veggie dogs. The owner of that sausage company probably wishes he had.


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


Following is a small sampling of articles found in past VivaVine issues.
NOTE: Contact VivaVegie for information on issues going back to Jan. 1992.
COST: Prior to 1998, $5 each; Issues thereafter, $3 each.
Jan/Feb 1994
  • Vegetarian advocacy takes root
  • An update on the mailing of the "101" to the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives
Mar/Apr 1994
  • How do you take your poison--in your chicken or in your beef?
  • Is your food cruel?
May/Jun 1994
  • Pamela Rice on antidotes to slaughterhouse filth
  • A report from Earthlands, an activists' retreat
Sept/Oct 1994
  • Robert Greene's 13 reasons to stop eating dairy
  • Chicken wings and blue cheese: A veg-epiphany
Nov/Dec 1994
  • Fecal fried chicken: Changes in inspection rules
  • UPC raises consciousness, championing Humane Methods of Slaughter Act for chickens
  • VivaVegie featured on cable TV's New York 1
Jan/Feb 1995
  • Ranchers push their weight around out West
  • Fecal contaminants, more in kitchen than bathroom
  • Jean Thaler writes on life with Bobby Bird
  • Big Apple Veg'ns' Awards Banquet: The winners
Mar/Apr 1995
  • Joan Zacharias on doing time on the poultry processing line
  • Future of hog futures, and what does it foretell?
May/Jun 1995
  • Pamela Rice on the export of the American diet
  • Interview with UPC president Karen Davis
  • McSkeletons being brought out of McD's' closet
Sept/Oct 1995
  • Feces fiasco: 25 million gallons of spilled manure
  • Taking a bite out of a hot-dog-eating contest
  • The Vegetarian Art Show: A report from the scene
Nov/Dec 1995
  • Fish in peril: The little-known crisis of overfishing
  • Karen Davis on a rescue that attracted the media
  • Henry Spira on that 25-million-gallon manure spill
Jan/Feb 1996
  • Mia MacDonald review: NYC's Candle Cafe
  • The dirt on farmers: Handling hogs
  • The Animal Welfare Act acts to deceive
Sept/Oct 1996
  • Pamela Rice on the total absence of vegetarian issues in the 1996 election
  • VivaVegie diary of outreach actions
  • Our guide to Internet resources
Nov/Dec 1996
  • Grain shortages: Meat eaters, the driving force
  • VivaVegie walks SanGennero ("Feast") gauntlet
  • Food Not Bombs for a grassroots transformation
  • Dave Horn on milk: It does a body bad!
  • The dirt on farmers: Dead-pig disposal
Jan/Feb 1997
  • Meat economics: Industries' cruel commingle
  • A report on B12 from a nutrition expert
  • VVS launches regular feature: Vegetarian News
  • The dirt on farmers: Branding methods
Mar/Apr 1997
  • Manure madness sweeps the nation
  • Live-poultry-market protest: Slaughterside report
  • Easter Parade: Penelo Pea Pod makes her debut
  • Poetry from Allen Ginsberg: Vomitorium burp
May/Jun 1997
  • The world of the renderer: Slurry on down
  • Money squawks: One company, 15M hens
  • Shark: Newest victim of beast-eating man
  • Pfiesteria: Bulldozing dead fish from beaches
  • Richard Schwartz on Karen Davis's chicken exposé
Sept/Oct 1997
  • The McLibel verdict: McD's "culpable" for cruelty
  • Carnivore conflicts around the world
  • Alex Press updates us on animals and the law
  • Extinct is forever: Industry on dole imperils fish
  • Roundup Ready: The neutron bomb of herbicides
  • DASH Diet study: Garbage in, garbage out
  • Salmonella solution: Don't worry, be filthy
Nov/Dec 1997
  • Pamela Rice on the folly of "biosecurity"
  • Hudson Foods recalls 25M lbs. of beef
  • Scott Lustig on the reality behind "free-range"
  • Fecal cuisine: Pass the poultry poop, please
  • Food police: Watch what you say about meat
  • Veggie Nuggets: A new feature debuts
  • Grapevine: Discomfort seeing fish on a hook
  • News: Red meat linked to cancer, experts say
Jan/Feb 1998
  • Alex Press on the eco-destruction of ranching
  • Scott Lustig on foie gras: The ugly truth
  • Alan Rice on pandemics-and-meat connection
  • Farm runoff: Government creates buffer zones
  • Take heart: Time to ditch hydrogenated oils
  • The waste/hunger/poverty syndrome of meat
May/Jun 1998
  • How not to heal a heart, by Alex Press
  • Richard Schwartz reviews Slaughterhouse, by Gail Eisnitz
  • Project for Econ. Justice for Veg'ns: A new feature
  • Chinese bureaucrats haunted by chicken slaughter
  • Cruelty to animals: It doesn't always end there
Sept/Oct 1998
  • Marine life on the edge of wholesale extinction
  • Laws for animals: "Comparison-shop" by country
  • Meat subsidies: Separation of meat and state, now
  • Antibiotics on the farm: A growing menace
  • Mega-mortalities: 7M chickens broiled alive
Nov/Dec 1998
  • Meatmonger bailout: Taxpayers bilked to the hilt
  • How to make a turkey by artificial insemination
  • Vegan education: Kids can love healthful foods
  • Manure marauders ride over gov't regulators
  • Prairie dogs vs. ranchers: Kill 'em, then save 'em
  • Scrumptious recipes for a vegan Thanksgiving
Jan/Feb 1999
  • Meat indicted: The latest on diet and cancer
  • Pamela Rice defines the "vegetarian acid test"
  • Edmund Klein on loving animals for their own sake
  • Hog glut: Pamela Rice on the subsidies that fuel it
  • News: The ruthless efficiency of ocean dragging
  • Meat inspection: Costly, no guarantee of safety
Mar/Apr 1999
  • Pamela Rice on the foreign trade in meat
  • The USDA institutes Pork Crisis Task Force
  • Antidotes to filth: Tech fixes at the slaughterhouse
  • Alex Press on animals in the courts--an update
  • From VivaVegie's test kitchen: Teff pancakes
  • Listeria, I presume: Now we're cooking cold cuts?
May/Jun 1999
  • VivaVegie opens the vegetarian center of NYC
  • Milk dispute: Where do vegans fit in? Nowhere
  • PulseNet: DNA testing gets meat firms in trouble
  • Pig virus: Malaysian soldiers exterminate 1M
  • Bronson Alcott: A glimpse at vegetarian heritage
  • Antibiotics on the farm upset delicate balance
Sept/Oct 1999
  • Pamela Rice on the advent of IBP boxed beef
  • News: EU widens battery cage
  • Vegetarian roots: NYC hosts veg-fest, circa 1853
  • Union of Concerned Scientists' meat bombshell
Nov/Dec 1999
  • FAQs about the VivaVegie Society/Veg Center
  • Hurricane Floyd dumps on "Pork Central," NC
  • Immobile animals: The industry calls them downers
  • Pet-food slumgullion: Fluffy, Fido, time for din-din
Jan/Feb 2000
  • Veggie Econ 101: Billion-dollar meat subsidies
  • Fight fat with fiber: The skinny on obesity
  • How beefmongers target youth for big bucks
  • Dioxin for dinner: Fleshing out meat connection
Mar/Apr 2000
  • Fishing to extinction: Part I of a 2-part story
  • Decision 2000: Bush, McCain face vegetarians
  • Dietary guidelines: USDA buckles to industry
  • Taxpayers fleeced, milked for millions
Jun/July 2000
  • Manure hits the fan: The scoop on nutrient runoff
  • Accidental microbes: Disaster waiting to happen
  • Johnny Appleseed: A guy with a fruity mission

VivaVegie's Vegetarian Center of NYC
[click here for new address and contact information as of 12/28/00]
  • hosts lectures, video screenings, workshops, and discussion groups
  • offers a referral service for restaurants, stores, vegan products, and vegetarian organizations
  • functions as a meeting place for groups
  • serves as a drop-in space for passers-by to pick up a restaurant guide, pro-vegetarian literature for leafleting, and other vegetarian information
  • houses a notebook of menus from local veggie restaurants
  • offers pro-vegetarian T-shirts and lapel buttons
  • houses an archive of books, pamphlets, magazines, and cataloged news reports of interest to vegetarians
  • is a place to get involved with vegetarian advocacy
  • is a place for visitors to speak one on one with a real, live vegetarian!

General office hours: 4:00 to 7:00 p.m., M - F * Call ahead to confirm.

LAPEL BUTTONS: $3 each, postage paid to VivaVegie Society, P.O. Box 1447, New York, NY 10276


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


The Vegetarian Center of New York City is a reading room and a research center. Following is an index of file-folder subjects that a journalist or anyone doing a research project is welcome to use on-site.

Animal rights
Animals and the law
      Bovine growth hormone
      GMOs, animals
      GMOs, crops
BSE: mad cow disease
Buckeye Egg Farm
Children and vegetarianism
China Study, the
Companies, various
Concentration in the meat industry
Consumer issues
       Antibiotics on the farm/Antibiotic resistance
      Antidotes to filth (technical fixes to fight bacteria)
      Bil Mar and Thorn Apple outbreaks
      E. coli O157:H7
      Eggs: Salmonella enteritidis
      Fish (mercury, PCBs)
      HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points)
      Hudson recall
      International conflicts regarding
      Kitchen safety
      Poultry: Fecal soup
      Case by case
      USDA recall authority
      Regulation, government policy
      Trace-back (DNA testing pinpoints bacteria source)
      Vegetables contaminated by meat production
Corporate welfare
Dead animals (environmental hazard from "catastrophic mortalities")
Diseases of farmed animals
Drugs used on animals (particularly hormones and their international ramifications)
Economic support of the meat industry by the government
      Animal Damage Control ("Wildlife Services")
      Building complexes
      Charity meat ("food" assistance)
      Conservation programs
      Disaster relief
      Export programs/Trade
      Credit guarantees
      Economic Enhancement Program
      Fighting trade barriers
      International "carnivore conflicts"
      Market Access Program
      Food safety programs
      Health subsidies
      Local government projects
      Low-interest loans
      Milk subsidies
      1996 farm legislation (overhaul of Depression-era support)
      Off the hook (exemptions from legislation)
      Price supports
      Ranching subsidies
      Tax-credit relief
Environment/Pollution in general
Exotic animals: ostrich, alligator, bush meat, etc.
Factory farming
Farmers' issues
Fish/Marine life
      Accidents of fishermen
      Aquaculture (fish farming)
      Canada, issues with
      Ecological disruption Extinction
      Fishermen's issues (incl. licensing) Fish meal
      Illegal fishing
      International business in
      International conflicts
      Refuges/No-fishing zones
      Sport fishing
       - Abalone
       - Crabs
       - Deep-sea fish
       - Ground fish
       - Herring
       - Lobster
       - Northeast U.S., fish of
       - Oyster
       - Perch
       - Salmon
       - Seahorses
       - Sharks
       - Shrimp
       - Sturgeon (caviar)
       - Swordfish
       - Trout
       - Tuna
       - Turbot
       - Whales
Foie gras
Food irradiation
Genetics of farmed animals
Government in general
Grassroots actions in local communities (vegetarianism not part of focus)
Grilling of meat as a cause of air pollution
Groups, vegetarian
Health as it relates to vegetarianism
      Alternative/vegetarian view
      Conditions: Allergies, heartburn, migraines, diverticulosis, etc.
      Heart disease
      High blood pressure
      Protein diets
      Standard American diet
      Food and nutrition
      Dairy: Effects on health
      Mediterranean diet
      Nutrients, studies of
      Official (ADA, etc.) viewpoint regarding diet
      Pro-vegetarian viewpoint
Hog glut of 1998-99
Industry in-fighting
Industry views
Influenza (flu virus) and its connection to animal agriculture
Labor issues
Lawsuits/crimes involving people in meat and dairy industries
Live markets
Marketing schemes of the meat industry
McLibel trial
Natural hygiene (raw diet)
New York-area issues
Organic agriculture
"Outlook" on the meat industry: Statistics from the USDA
Pet food
Plants: The argument that plants have feelings
Pop culture/Vegetarian celebrities
Raw-food diet (see Natural hygiene)
Religion and vegetarianism
School lunch program
Science: High tech in farmed animal foods
Slaughter/Downed animals
Slaughterhouse by-products/Rendering (see also Pet food)
Sludge as pollutant (by-product from the slaughterhouse)
      Fast Track
      Globalization in general
Transport of animals
Travel for vegetarians
USDA: Farm legislation
Vegan Jeopardy
Vegetables/Plant-based foods
Vegetarian Art Show (1995)
Web sites
World Vegetarian Day


The VivaVine
September / October 2000


New Matching Fund: Contributions multiplied by 3

Vegie Ctr. matching fund is vital to our operations

VivaVegie has a matching-fund grant! All donations from individuals (not foundations)--up to a total of $5,000 for the year--that are not in exchange for memberships, T-shirts, or other merchandise will be double-matched, thanks to David Sielaff of Seattle, Washington. So if you contribute $20, you're really giving $60! Since the previous VivaVine issue, we received generous donations from Judea Johnson (part of her tithe for the year) and Glen Boisseau Becker. In addition, we also received donations of $25 or more from the following people: Wilson Wong, Manny Goldman, Mary Ann Naples, Jason Mallory, Lucky's Juice Joint, Miranda Hambro (in memory of David Ben-Ami), and Barbara Stagno. All donations will be tripled!

Volunteers contribute the greatest gift of all

There are many ways to make a difference if spreading knowledge about the virtues of vegetarianism is your calling. Special thanks to the following people who helped the VivaVegie Society since the previous VivaVine issue: Tom Thompson, Bobbie Flowers, Laura Dauphine, James Langergaard, Alex Press, Rochelle Goldman, Judea Johnson, Rob Dolecki, Hubert Davis, and Stuart Lerner.

Viva Vegie wants you!

Do something on the low-commitment side. Get the "101 Reasons" stocked at your neighborhood store.

VivaVegie will give you a stack of sample "101 Reasons Why I'm a Vegetarian" to give to the retail establishment, free of charge, to test how they sell. Engage the owner/manager and keep in touch with him or her. After a period of time, ask whether he or she wants to order more. Essentially, do all the things that a sales rep would do to "service the account." Ultimately, VivaVegie wants to get regular orders. An order blank is on the 15th page of each copy of the "101 Reasons."

VVS sandwich boards

Take your passion to the streets. It's easy. Now you can obtain brilliant, full-color 11" x 17" replicas of the famous VivaVegie sandwich boards for only $30 (add $6.40 for postage), which includes a starter kit of 20 copies of "101 Reasons Why I'm a Vegetarian." Send orders to the post-office address on page 4.

VivaVegie wish list


The VivaVine
September/October 2000


VivaVegie Society, Inc.
ISSUE: VOL. 9, NO. 4
September / October 2000

P.O. Box 1447

New York, NY 10276

[click here for new address and contact information as of 12/28/00]



To become a member of the VivaVegie Society for one year, send $15 to the above address. Membership entitles you to a membership card, five issues of The VivaVine, a copy of "101 Reasons Why I'm a Vegetarian" and VivaVegie's "Vegetarian Guide to New York City."

Copyright © 2000. VivaVegie Society, Inc. All rights reserved.